Secured loans: how to choose between a loan against FD, a loan against an asset and a gold loan

In case of secured loans, you risk losing your asset in the event of default. If you fail to repay the loan on time, your pledged property can be seized to collect the outstanding balance.

We look to credit when needed. However, there is often confusion about which type of loan to opt for. How do you determine which type of loan is best for your need? This question is especially relevant when it comes to choosing the right secured loan.

There are three things to look for when evaluating different secured loans to choose the right one: required collateral, interest rate, and tenor. The most common ways to organize finances are by borrowing against an asset, and the most commonly held assets are property, fixed deposits, and gold. Let us examine the loans in relation to each of them in the context of the aforementioned factors.


There are two ways to get a loan using your property as collateral. The first is via an additional loan on an existing mortgage and the second is a mortgage.

# Complementary loan: You can qualify for a top-up loan if you have a running home loan with a good repayment history. The main condition here is the LTV (Loan to Value). The total outstanding balance after reloading must be within the same LTV range the loan was issued to. For example, if you have been approved for 80% of the value of the property as a loan, then the total principal outstanding, including the top up, can only be 80%. If this is the case, the bank will extend a supplement to your mortgage.

However, “if your home loan is recent and the top-up exceeds the allowable LTV, you may not be able to get top-up. The complementary loan is a good alternative because of the interest rates, which are at the same level as the rates for home loans. You also get a long tenor to repay the loan. Plus, if you’re borrowing to repair or renovate your home, top-up loans also give you an additional tax advantage. However, the long term repayment term also translates into a much higher interest payable, ”says Adhil Shetty, CEO of

# Loan against property: If you don’t have an outstanding home loan, but own a property in your name or jointly own it with someone with whom you can apply for a loan, you may qualify for a loan against a property. On the positive side, the home equity loan has a longer repayment term than other personal loans. Depending on the end use of the borrowed money, you may be eligible for tax benefits.

For example, if you are using the money for business purposes, interest paid and incidental charges, such as processing fees and documentation fees, may be claimed as business expenses under subsection 37 (1). of the Income Tax Act. But if you use it for personal reasons such as a wedding, study, or vacation, you cannot get any tax benefit. On the other hand, the interest rates on home loans are much higher than a complementary loan. The processing time for a loan against real estate is also much longer because the lender will have to perform a certain number of due diligence.

Fixed deposits

Loans to FDs are among the cheapest borrowing options. Loans to DF are typically valued at 50 to 250 basis points above the relative DF rate. Since FD rates are currently on average 5.5%, you can get a loan against an FD for as little as 6-6.5%, which is cheaper than a home loan. Most lenders do not charge prepayment or processing fees. “The only caveat here is that you must have an FD that has a deposit value of at least 10% more than the loan you are borrowing. So if you need to borrow Rs 2 lakh against your FD, you must have an FD of around Rs 2.2 lakh. On the other hand, there are no tax advantages on loans granted to FDs. The duration of loans against FD is also very low, usually two years, because the duration of the loan cannot exceed the duration of the FD against which the loan is taken and must be repaid before the maturity of the FD ”, informs Shetty.

Gold loan

Gold loans are the most versatile and sought after secured loans. This is because they require very little paperwork for an offline loan and come with a variety of repayment options. The time required to process a gold loan is very low compared to other forms of secured loans. Processing fees are low and often lenders may not take the borrower’s income or credit rating into account when approving the loan. This makes getting a short term loan very easy.

However, “gold loans can be complex in their own way. Most lenders will ask for a purity of at least 18 carats and may charge you an appraisal fee. The higher the purity of the gold, the higher the value and amount of the loan will be. Different lenders have different repayment options. Some may allow you to pay the interest monthly and the principal all at once at the end of the tenor. Others may require you to pay a portion of the principal each month. Still others may actually deduct the interest owed when they give you the loan. You need to understand the financial implications and choose what’s best for you, ”says Shetty.

However, all loans have consequences in the event of default. In case of secured loans, you risk losing your asset in the event of default. If you fail to repay the loan on time, your pledged property can be seized to collect the outstanding balance. It will also have a negative impact on your credit history and your score. So only borrow what you need and pay back quickly.

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